• Antonym

    A word having a meaning opposite to that of another word.

    Homograph

    One of two or more words that have the same spelling but differ in origin, meaning, and sometimes pronunciation.

    Homonym

    One of two or more words that have the same sound and often the same spelling but differ in meaning.

    Synonym

    A word having the same or nearly the same meaning as another word or other words in a language.

    Thesaurus

    A book of synonyms, often including related and contrasting words and antonyms

    Affix

    A word element, such as a prefix or suffix, that can only occur attached to a base, stem, or root word.

    Compound word

    A word composed of two or more words; specifically, two or more words joined together by a hyphen

    Prefix

    An affix, such as dis in disbelieve, attached to the front of a word to produce a derivative word or an inflected form.

    Root word

    The form of a word after all affixes are removed; thematic vowels are part of the stem.

    Suffix

    An affix added to the end of a word or stem, serving to form a new word or functioning as an inflectional ending, such as ness, ing, or s.

    Almanac

    An annual publication including calendars with weather forecasts, astronomical information, tide tables, and other related tabular information.

    Appendix

    Collection of supplementary material, usually at the end of a book.

    Dictionary

    A reference book containing an alphabetical list of words, with information given for each word, usually including meaning, pronunciation, and etymology.

    Encyclopedia

    A comprehensive reference work containing articles on a wide range of subjects or on numerous aspects of a particular field, usually arranged alphabetically.

    Glossary

    List of often difficult or specialized words with their definitions, often placed at the back of a book.

    Preface

    A preliminary statement or essay introducing a book that explains its scope, intention, or background and its usually written by the author.

    Resources

    Something that can be used for support or help.

    Captions

    A title, short explanation, or description accompanying an illustration or a photograph.

    Cause and effect

    The concept that an action or event will produce a certain response to the action in the form of another event.

    Drama

    A prose or verse composition especially one telling a serious story, that is intended for representation by actors impersonating the characters and performing the dialogue and action.

    Fiction

    A literary work passed on the imagination and not necessarily on fact

    Footnote

    A note placed at the bottom of a page of a book or manuscript that comments on or cites a reference for a designated part of the text.

    Illustration

    The act of clarifying or explaining.

    Italic

    A style of printing type patterned on a Renaissance script with the letters slanting to the right.

    Margin

    An edge and they are immediately adjacent to it; a border.

    Nonfiction

    Prose works other than fiction:  true stories.

    Paragraph

    A distinct division of written or printed matter that begins on a new, usually indented line, consists of one or more sentences, and typically deals with a single thought or topic.

    Theme

    A topic of discourse or discussion

    Time line

    A schedule of activities or events.

    Detail

    Particulars considered individually and in relation to a whole.

    Compare

    To consider or describe as similar, equal, or alike.

    Conclusion

    The close or last part, the end or finish.

    Contrast

    To set in opposition in order to show or emphasize differences.

    Generalization

    A principle, statement or idea having general application.

    Inference

    The act of reasoning from factual knowledge or evidence.

    Convince

    To bring by the use of argument or evidence to firm belief or a course of action.

    Accurate

    Conforming exactly to fact.

    Entertain

    To hold the attention of with something amusing or diverting.

    Evaluate

    To examine and judge carefully.

    Evidence

    A thing or things helpful in forming a conclusion or judgment.

    Express

    To manifest or communicate, as by a gesture.

    Fact

    Knowledge or information based on real occurrences.

    Inform

    To impart information to; make aware of something.

    Opinion

    A judgment or estimation of the merit of a person or thing.

    Persuade

    To undertake a course of action or embrace a point of view by means of argument, reasoning, or entreaty.

    Relevant

    Having a bearing on or connection with the matter at hand.

    Teach

    To provide knowledge of.

    Tone

    The pitch of a word used to determine its meaning or to distinguish differences in meaning.

    Verify

    To establish the truth, accuracy, or reality of.

    Parentheses

    Either or both of the upright curved lines (), used to mark off explanatory or qualifying remarks in writing or printing.

    Photo

    A photograph.

    Poetry

    The art or work of a poet.

    Predict

    To state, tell about, or make known in advance, especially on the basis of special knowledge.

    Purpose

    Determination; resolution

    Reread

    To read again.

    Retell

    To tell again in a different form.

    Sentence

    A grammatical unit that is independent and has a subject, verb, and predicate.

    Skim

    To glide or pass over quickly.

    Subheading

    The heading or title of a subdivision of a printed subject.

    Summarize

    To tell in reduced form.

    Table

    A set of data arranged in rows and columns.

    Title

    An identifying name given to a book, play, film, musical, or other work.

    Theme

    A topic of discourse or discussion.

    Time line

    A schedule of activities or events; a time table.

    Autobiography

    The true story of the writer’s life.

    Biography

    True story of a person’s life written by another person.

    Brackets

    One of a par of marks [ } used in writing and printing to enclose matter in mathematics.  

    Cast

    The characters in a play and the actors who play those characters.

    Dialogue

    The spoken words of a play.

    Diary

    A record of events kept daily or at frequent intervals.

    Journal

    A daily record of reflections or feelings.

    Memoir

    A narrative composed from personal experience.

    Monologues

    A dramatic sketch performed by one actor.

    Poet

    One who writes poetry.

    Prop

    Something that props or sustains.

    Prose

    The ordinary language people use in speaking or writing.

    Proverb

    A short saying that tells practical truth.

    Script

    The written copy of the play.

    Skit

    A satirical or humorous story.

    Stanza

    A division of a poem consisting of a series of lines arranged together in a usually recurring pattern of meter and rhyme.

    Mood

    A conscious state of mind or predominant emotion.

    Plot

    A secret plan for accomplishing something.

    Conflict

    The opposition of people or forces that give rise to the dramatic action in a drama or fiction.

    Fairy tale

    Seemingly unreal tale of beauty, perfection, luck, or happiness.

    Legend

    A story coming down from the past popularly regarded as historical although not verifiable.

    Folk tale

    Old tales that have been passed down from generation to generation.

    Alliteration

    The repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more words or syllables.

    Exaggeration

    To enlarge beyond bounds of the truth

    Figurative

    Expressing one thing in terms normally denoting another with which it may be regarded as analogous.

    Language

    The words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community.

    Verb

    A word that expresses action.

    Noun

    A person, place or thing.

    Adjective

    A word that is used with a noun or pronoun to describe it.

    Pronoun

    A word used in place of a noun.