Take out a sheet of Notebook paper and number it for each section of this packet. Use your interactive notebook, science binder, and any other resources you have in order to find and answer the questions. Descriptions are listed below. When you find the answer, put the answer next to the correct number.
Kinds of Ecosystems
- An ________________ is made up of all the living things and nonliving things in an area.
- Living parts of an ecosystem are called _______________ factors.
- Non-living parts of ecosystems, like rocks and water, are called ______________ factors.
- Land-based ecosystems, like forests and grasslands, are called ____________ _______________________.
- Water-based ecosystems, like lakes and oceans, are called ________________ _________________.
- A ______________ is an ecosystem that contains many trees.
- __________________ forests are found in temperate zones like North Carolina and have trees with leaves that change with the seasons.
- ___________________ forests are found in cold areas and those trees have needles and cones that stay year-round.
- __________________ rain forests are found in warm and rainy places, usually closer to the equator.
- These are ecosystems with fertile soil, covered by tall grasses where prairie dogs and bison live. Because they are dry some of the year, there are fires, which is why there are not many trees. ________________
- Lakes and ponds are examples of ____________ aquatic ecosystems.
- Oceans are examples of ___________________ aquatic ecosystems.
- This is a body of water in which freshwater from a river meets and mixes with salt water from the ocean, due to the tides.
- A flat area of land that salt water overflows is a ______ __________.
- The ___________ ecosystem is located near the polar zone and is very dry, often called a cold desert.
- The _____________ ecosystem is characterized by little rainfall, warm temperatures, and plants and animals that can store water in order to survive.
- The _____________ is below the tundra, but still in the polar zone, and is characterized by coniferous trees and cold temperature.
Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers
- This living thing makes its own food. ________________
- This is the process by which plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. ________________
- This is a living thing that gets energy by eating other living things. ________________
- All ______________ are consumers.
- There are ____________ types of consumers.
- Consumers that eat only or mostly plants, also known as primary consumers.________________
- Consumers that eat only animals, also known as tertiary consumers. ________________
- Consumers that eat plants and animals, usually secondary consumers. ________________
- This is a living thing that gets its energy by breaking things down (FBI). ________________
The Flow of Energy in Ecosystems
- Living things need __________ for all processes of life.
- This is a model that shows the path of energy as it flows from one living thing to the next. ________________
- Something that represents a real object. ________________
- Every food chain begins with a ____________ because they use sunlight to make their food.
- Several food chains connected together form a ____________ _________.
- An _______ _________- shows how the amount of energy left for consumers changes as the energy moves through a food chain or food web. The bottom level is always a producer.
How Living Things Interact interact in Ecosystems
- When things _________ they come into contact with and affect one another.
- Animals that hunt other animals for food are called _____________.
- Animals that are hunted are called _____________.
- A change in a predator or prey _______________ affects the other.
- This is the demand for a resource by two or more organisms. __________
Cells, Human Body, Traits
- This is the smallest part of a living thing that can carry out all the processes of life _________________
- Cells are the basic building blocks of all living things, which are also known as ________________.
- This organism is only made up of one cell. _________________
- This organism is made up of more than one cell. _________________
- This is a single-celled organism that eats by surrounding a food particle and then bringing the food into the cell. _________________
- This is a single-celled organism with a whip-like part that moves it forward_________________
- This is a single-celled organism with many hair-like structures that help it move. _________________
- Multicellular organisms need transport systems because most have cells that are/are not able to exchange gases with the outside environment. _________________
- Which two of the following organisms are single-celled (algae, flower, bacteria, frog) _________________
- Single-celled and multicellular organisms have this in common….(both are able to make food from sunlight; both have a way to get rid of waste materials and reproduce) _________________
- These organisms take in materials directly from their surroundings. (single-celled or multicellular) _________________
- In these organisms, only surface cells can take in nutrients or give off wastes single-celled or multicellular) _________________
- Similar kinds of cells join together to make _______________ to perform the same task.
- When different types of tissues work together to perform a special function, the form an ________________.
- When several organs work together in an animal, they form a bigger, more complex unit known as a _________________
Human Body Systems
- This system takes in oxygen from the air that you breathe_________________
- This system breaks down food so that it can be used by the body. _________________
- This system carries oxygen, food, and wastes throughout the body. ________________
- This system provides the basic framework of the body. It protects the organs inside the body. _________________
- This system pulls the bones to produce movement _________________
- This system controls all the other body systems by sending messages from your sense organs to your brain. _________________
- The esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine are part of which system? _________________
- Skull, spinal column, ribs, pelvis, and tibia are part of which system? _________________
- The lungs, trachea, and diaphragm are part of which system? _________________
- The heart, veins, and arteries are part of which system? _________________
- The brain, spinal cord, and nerves are part of which system? _________________
Inherited and Acquired Traits
- This is a quality or characteristic of a living thing. _________________
- This is a way in which a living thing acts or responds to its surroundings_________________
- This is a characteristic that a living thing gets from its parents _________________
- This is a characteristic that a living thing gets during its lifetime. _________________
- This is a skill that an animal develops after its born _________________
Label traits as inherited or acquired
- A tree has large round leaves ________________
- A dog has curly fur ____________________
- A bird knows where to find a bird feeder ________________
- A bird knows how to build a nest ____________________
- A girl can read Spanish _____________________
- A girl has blue eyes ________________________
- A plant’s leaves have spots from a disease ______________________
- A dog knows how to fetch on command _______________________
- A boy knows how to play the piano. _________________________
Matter and Energy
- This is the ability to make things move or change or to do work._____________
- This is the movement of water between Earth’s surface and the atmosphere. _____________
- This is the mixture of gases and dust that surrounds the Earth. _____________
- This is the change from liquid to a gas. _____________
- When plants release water vapor into the air through tiny openings in their leaves its called _____________.
- This is the change from gas to a liquid. _____________
- When water vapor condenses directly onto a surface such as grass or a window, these drops of condensed water are called _________.
- This is water that falls from the atmosphere as rain, snow, hail or sleet. _____________
- When water falls into the oceans and onto land, some of the water soaks into the soil and collects as underground water called ___________.
- The leftover water that flows over the land surface and into rivers, lakes, and oceans is called _____________.
- I supply the energy that drives the water cycle – What am I? _____________
Physical Properties of Materials
- This is a feature that you can observe with your senses or measure with a tool, such as color, texture, or temperature. _____________
- You can observe how well a substance ________________ or transfers heat
- This means to mix evenly in a liquid _____________
- This is a measure of how warm something is. ________________
- This is an instrument used to measure temperature ________________
- This is the amount of matter that makes up an object ________________
- To measure mass, you can use a ____________ ____________________.
- This is the measure of the pull of gravity on an object’s mass. ________________
- You can use a __________ _____________________.
- ON earth, an object’s mass and its weight are about the same because the pull of ______________ is nearly the same everywhere on Earth.
- The weight of an object is less than/greater than/equal to the weight of all its parts together ________________
Physical and Chemical Changes
- This is a change in which no new material forms. ________________
- This is a change where one or more new types of matter form. ________________
- This is the ability of a material to react with other materials in a certain way. ________________
- This is matter made up of two or more materials ________________
- Wood burning is an example of a physical/chemical change ________________
- Cutting paper is an example of a physical/chemical change________________
- These are pieces of data that can be described in words. ________________
- These are pieces of data that are described in numbers.________________
- You can tell that a chemical/physical change has taken place if you see new materials form ______________
The Transfer of Heat
35.This is the energy of moving particles ________________
36.Heat always flows from warmer/cooler objects to…. ________________
37.This is the transfer of thermal energy between things that are touching.________________
38.This is a material through which heat can move easily, such as aluminum, iron, and other metals ________________
39.This is a material that heat does not move through easily such as wood, rubber, or plastic________________
40.This is the transfer of thermal energy by the movement of liquids or gases. ________________
41.This is the transfer of energy by electromagnetic WAVES. ________________
Measuring Weather Conditions
- This is the condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place. ________________
- This is a scientist who studies the weather. ________________
- This is a measure of how warm something is. ________________
- This is the instrument used to measure temperature. ________________
- This is water that falls from the atmosphere including rain, snow, hail, & sleet ________________
- This is an instrument used to measure the amount of rain that falls. ________________
- This is moving air. ________________
- This is an instrument used to show wind direction. ________________
- This is an instrument that measures wind speed ________________
- This is the weight of the atmosphere pressing at a certain place. ________________
- This is an instrument used to measure air pressure. ________________
- Changes in __________ ________________ mean that weather is about to change.
- _________ __________________ = Happy Weather (Sunny/Fair)
- _________ __________________ = Lousy Weather (Rainy/Stormy)
Clouds and Precipitation
- These are masses of tiny water droplets of ice crystals.________________
- These clouds are low, sheet-like, and gray. They look like a blanket covering the sky and they bring rain. ________________
- These clouds are puffy and often flat on the bottom. Indicate fair weather. ________________
- These are cumulus clouds that have become big and dark. They bring rain/thunder. ________________
- These are the highest clouds and are wispy and look like feathers and are seen during fair weather – made of ice crystals. ________________
Predicting the Weather
- This is a large body of air with about the same temperature and humidity throughout. ________________
21.This is the amount of moisture in the air. ________________
22.One type of air mass ________________
23.One type of air mass ________________
24.One type of air mass ________________
25.One type of air mass ________________
26.This is the place where two different air masses meet. ________________
27.On a weather map, half circles signal a ____________ front.
28.On a weather map triangles signal a ____________front.
- When a cold air mass bumps against a warm air mass, strong storms occur and the temperature drops. In the summer, there are thunderstorms and in the winter there are snow storms. This is a ___________ front.
30.When a warm air mass meets a colder air mass, it slowly rises over it. This often brings light, steady rain and temperatures rise. This is called a _______________ front.
31.When two air masses meet and stop moving, this is called a _________________ front and it brings precipitation and clouds for several days.
32.In the United States, weather usually moves from _______________ to ___________________
Local Weather Patterns
33.This is a large storm that brings strong winds and heavy rains. ________________
34.Hurricanes start over ____________ waters.
35.This is the imaginary line that divides the earth in half ________________
36.Places near the equator that are usually warmer/cooler than places further from equator ________________
37.________________ is the average weather of a place over a long period of time
38.Which climate zone is closest to the equator? ________________
39.Which climate zone is furthest away from the equator ________________
40.Which climate zone is the United States in? ________________
41.A _____________________ is half a sphere
42.The seasons and their weather patterns are ________________ in the northern hemisphere, so when Australia is having summer, the US is having winter
Global Weather Patterns
43.This is a flow of air or water in a certain direction. ________________
44.The sun's light strikes the earth more directly/indirectly near the equator than at the poles. ________________
45.The parts of the earth closer to the poles get more/less direct sunlight. ________________
46.This uneven heating causes air movement or __________.
47.As warm air near the equator rises, large areas of high/low pressure form there. ________________
48.At the poles the air is cold so it rises/sinks. ________________
49.When cold air sinks, this forms high/low pressure. ________________
50.Global winds do not move straight up and down, instead they ____________because the Earth spins on an axis.
51.The __________________ winds are closest to the equator and they move from east to west.
52.The winds called ________ are above and below the trade winds and they move west to east
53.The winds called __________ ______________ are at the poles and they move from east to west.
54.This is an air current in the upper atmosphere that flows from west to east. It is described as a river of air, and the air above it is cold and below it is mild. ________________
55.Cool/Warm ocean currents flow away from the equator. ________________
56.Cool/Warm ocean currents flow away from the poles. ________________
57.The __________ is a warm ocean current in the Atlantic Ocean.
58.An unusual warming of the surface water in the Eastern Pacific Ocean near the equator is known as _______ _______________.
59.An unusual cooling of the same water is known as _____ ____________________.
Force and Motion
- This is the location of an object. ________________
- This is the length between two points. ________________
- This is a change in an object’ position. ________________
- This is a tool for measuring length or distance. ________________
- You can use a stopwatch or a clock to measure ______________.
- This is the path that a moving object follows. It can be described as right left, north, south, etc
- You can use a _______________ to find direction.
- This is the measure of how far an object moves in a certain amount of time. ________________
- Speed=distance divided by time is the _______________ for speed.
- A ______________________ is information gathered with your senses.
- A car is driven for three hours. What other information do you need to find its speed? ________________
- This is the graph’s horizontal line where time is usually plotted.
- This is the graph’s vertical line where the distance is usually plotted.
- A line graph that shows the relationship between distance and time is called a ________ _______.
- On a graph, if the object stops moving the line is _______________.
- On a graph, if the line is going up or down on a straight angle the object’s speed is _____________.
Force, Mass, and Motion
- This is a push or a pull. ________________
- This is the tendency of an object to resist a state of motion. ________________
- This is the amount of matter that makes up an object. ________________
- This is anything that has mass and takes up space. ________________
- This is the tool that measures force. ________________
Gravity and Friction
- The force that pulls objects toward each other is ________________.
- Gravity does not just occur on Earth, but it acts everywhere in the _________________.
- Gravity helps keep Earth and other planets in orbit around the _______________.
- An object with more/less mass exerts a greater force of gravity than an object more/less mass.
- As objects move closer together, gravity between them becomes stronger/weaker.
- As objects move further apart, the pull increases/decreases.
- This is the force that acts between surfaces that touch each other – it slows an objects’ motion ________________
- Friction between a moving object and air particles is called ________________. It acts against the pull of gravity to slow the object.