Schools in North Carolina are required to develop a school improvement plan that takes annual performance goals for the school, determined by the State Board of Education, into consideration. Plans are to be based on a comprehensive needs assessment and organized around the state's five strategic priorities:
- High student performance
- Healthy students in safe, orderly and caring schools
- Quality teachers, administrators, and staff
- Strong family, community, and business support
- Effective and efficient operations
School improvement plans should also detail plans for staff development funds.