• Nucleic acid sequence

      Nucleotides

      Nucleic acids consist of a chain of linked unites called nucleotides. Each nucleotide consists of three subunits: a phosphate group and a sugar (ribose in the case of RNA, deoxyribose in DNA) make up the backbone of the nucleic acid strand, and attached to the sugar is one of a set of nucleobases.

      DNA molecule strand showing double helix structure with deoxyribose and nucleobases.

      Biological significance

      In biological systems, nucleic acids (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nucleic_acid) contain information which is used by a living cell to construct specific proteins.  The sequence of nucleobases on a nucleic acid strand is translated by cell machinery into a sequence of amino acids making up a protein strand.

      The different nucleobases that make up DNA are 

        - Adenine

        - Cytosine

        - Guanine

        - Thymine