Music Vocabulary

Parts of the Instrument
Scroll - decorative; wooden swirl at the top of the neck
Peg box - below the scroll; holds the pegs
Pegs - ebony tuners used to fix a string that is badly out of tune
Nut - piece of ebony that holds strings off fingerboard
Fingerboard - ebony board where the player places their fingers
Neck - long part of the instrument on which the fingerboard sits
Shoulder - top rounded part of the instrument's body
C-bout - c-shaped part of the instrument that curves inward
F-holes - f-shaped holes in the top of the body of the instrument; sound comes out of these holes
Bridge - supports strings, carries sound vibrations in and out of instrument
Fine tuners - small screws used for tuning slightly out-of-tune strings
Tailpiece - plastic or ebony piece which holds the strings onto the end of the instrument
Button - circular plastic or wooden piece at the bottom of a violin or viola which holds on the tailpiece
Endpin - metal bar at the bottom of a bass or cello which supports the instrument
 
Parts of the Bow
Tip - pointed end of the bow
Stick - wooden stick of the bow
Hair - horsehair used to play the instrument
Frog - black box at the end of the bow
Screw - tightens and loosens the bow hair 
 
Essential Elements Book 1 pages 4-5
Beat - the pulse of music; the beat in music should be very steady, just like your pulse
Quarter note - one beat of sound
Quarter rest - one beat of silence
Music staff - has 5 lines and four spaces
Bar lines - divide the music staff into measures
Clef - indicates a set of note names
Treble clef - violins read
Alto clef - violas read
Bass clef - cello and bass read
Time signature - tells us how many beats are in each measure and what kind of note gets the beat
Double bar - indicates the end of a song
Repeat sign - go back to the beginning of a song and play again